The national anthem is played on all ceremonial occasions, before performances (such as at the cinema) and while the Thai flag is being raised and lowered each day at 8.00 am and 6.00 pm every day. At these times, it is accepted behavior to stop whatever you are doing and stand to attention.
The music to the national anthem was composed by Professor Phra Jenduriyang in 1932 (the year the Constitutional Monarchy was adopted), while the lyrics presently used were written in 1939 by Colonel Luang Saranuprabhandh. The lyrics are as follows (literally translated):
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